Sunday to Friday 9:00-6:00
The basics of backpacking in Nepal CHECK HOW TO PACK YOUR BACKPACK FOR A TREK

Climate in Nepal

Nepal has a very diverse climate. It is divided into two main zones – the tropical zone in the south, where monsoon circulation is the main influence on the climate, and the subtropical zone in the north, with its dry, mountain climate.
The Himalayas provide a clear indication of the boundaries of climate zones. They stop the cloudy monsoon and determine the weather conditions throughout Nepal, as well as on the Asian continent in general.
In Terai – the southern part of Nepal, with the charming Chitwan – we have to deal with hot and humid subtropical climate, in the central regions – that is on the foothills of the Himalayas, so called Lesser Himalayas (Mahabharat), where the valleys of Kathmandu and Pokhara are – we have a temperate climate.
Nepal generally has five climate zones, where altitude is a factor that determines temperature and the effect of the monsoon on the weather.
 
Up to 1200 m a.s.l.
Tropical monsoon climate:
  • Precipitation: from 1000 mm in the west to 1700 mm in the east. Precipitation peaks in the summer months and is accompanied by high temperatures. In summer - average 38°C, in winter - approx. 13°C
  • Summer winds called "loo" raise the temperature
Lowland Terai (this is where the town of Chitwan is located)
Janakpur, Bardia National Park, Lumbini, Pokara
 
1200 m to 2100 m a.s.l.
Temperate climate with monsoon influence
  • Precipitation: up to approx. 2000 mm per year
  • Climate similar to that of Central Europe
Kathmandu, Nagarkot, Bandipur, Sarangkot, Changu Narayan
2100 to 3300 m a.s.l.
Moderate, cool, typically mountain climate (similar to alpine)
  • Zone not affected by monsoon because the mountains are a barrier separating this climate zone
  • Dryer
  • Precipitation: rain and snow – depending on the season, up to 1500 mm per year
  • Summer approx. 15°C, winter approx. 0°C
Lesser Himalayas (Mahabharat), Poon Hill, Chisapani, lower trekking areas, Chandra Giri Hills
3300 to 5000 m
Alpine climate
  • Precipitation: up to 1000 mm per year; mainly snow, rain only in summer, below 4000 m a.s.l.
  • Frosty winters, cold summers. Climate similar to that of northern Scandinavia
Most of the trekking areas, Namche Bazar, Annapurna Base Camp and so on
Above 5000 m
Raw mountain climate
  • Precipitation: average – 500 mm; above 7000 m a.s.l. – just 100 mm.
  • Long, cold winters
  • Dry zone
High mountain passes and higher parts of the Himalayas
 
Average monthly temperature in various parts of Nepal
 
City and altitude
Chitwan
150 m
Pokhara
900 m
Katmandu
1350 m
Jomsom
2710 m
Namche Bazar
3440 m
min - max min - max min - max min - max min - max
January 8 ÷ 13 6 ÷ 19 2 ÷ 17 -2 ÷ 11 -6 ÷ 6
February 11 ÷ 28 8 ÷ 22 3 ÷ 21 1 ÷ 12 -4 ÷ 6
March 17 ÷ 33 14 ÷ 27 9 ÷ 25 2 ÷ 16 -2 ÷ 8
April 19 ÷ 37 17 ÷ 31 11 ÷ 27 4 ÷ 20 1 ÷ 11
May 22 ÷ 37 19 ÷ 31 16 ÷ 28 7 ÷ 23 3 ÷ 14
June 23 ÷ 34 21 ÷ 31 19 ÷ 28 13 ÷ 25 7 ÷ 15
July 25 ÷ 33 21 ÷ 30 20 ÷ 28 14 ÷ 25 8 ÷ 16
August 24 ÷ 32 21 ÷ 29 20 ÷ 27 14 ÷ 25 8 ÷ 16
September 24 ÷ 32 20 ÷ 28 19 ÷ 26 11 ÷ 23 7 ÷ 15
October 19 ÷ 31 15 ÷ 27 12 ÷ 25 5 ÷ 13 1 ÷ 11
November 14 ÷ 27 11 ÷ 24 8 ÷ 21 1 ÷ 15 -3 ÷ 8
December 8 ÷ 24 8 ÷ 20 3 ÷ 19 -2 ÷ 13 -4 ÷ 7
 
Nepal's climate makes it a paradise for rich flora and fauna, from tropical in Terai to Arctic on the high Himalayan paths.
A few examples that you will certainly encounter during your trip to Nepal:
The national flower of Nepal is Rhododendron arboretum, which can be best admired on the hills of the Himalayas in March and April.
Nepalese mangos are probably one of the best you can find.
You will find bananas everywhere – maybe not at the higher altitudes.
Pineapple plantations also cover a large area of the country and the taste of freshly squeezed fruit will sweep you off your feet.
Sugar cane is very common and always perfectly complements freshly squeezed juices or can work as the sole ingredient.
This is truly a natural paradise!
Therefore, when planning a trip to Nepal, it is worth taking into account the altitude at which we want to spend our holidays. We recommend to try and see all climate zones J The 15-days Nepal Tour is a perfect opportunity to do so.